Power Praxis at The Beginning of The Meiji Era: Tradition and Modern Discourse

Intannia Cahyasari(1*), Anwar Efendi(2)

(1) Pascasarjana-Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(2) Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to investigate how the discourse of Japanese society tradition with conservative mindset as the impact of Tokugawa power that applied sakoku (isolation politics) for more than two hundred years began questioned, criticized and disputed in Hanauzumi’s novel by Jun'ichi Watanabe. This study uses Foucault's discourse approach that is applied to express the form of discourse by external and internal exclusion. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method, the data collected is data that explains the problem of production and distribution of discourse based on Foucault's external and internal exclusion. The results of this study indicate that Jun'ichi Watanabe produces, distributes and transforms modern discourse as counter discourse against the discourse of tradition to change the way of thinking, customs and culture that harm women.


Keywords


discourse; external exclusion; internal exclusion; Michael Foucault; novel

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agung, L. (2012). Sejarah Asia Timur 1. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Bruce, A. (2014). Steel Chrysanthemums: Feminism and Nationalist Rhetoric in Meiji Japan. Student Research and Creative Works, 1-38. https://soundideas.pugetsound.edu/history_theses/8/

Drisko, J.W. & Maschi, T. (2016). Content Analysis. United States of Amerika: Oxford University Press.

Faruk. (2012). Metode Penelitian Sastra: Sebuah Penjelajahan Awal. Pustaka Pelajar: Yogyakarta.

Gordon, A. (2003). A Modern History of Japan: from Tokugawa to The Present. New York: Oxford University Press.

Graham, L. J. (2011). The Product of Text and ‘Other’ Statements: Discourse Analysis and the Critical Use of Foucault. Educational Philosophy and Theory43 (6), 663-674. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-5812.2010.00698.x

Jacob, F. (2015). The Alteration of the Image–Woman and Japanese Society (1600-2000). City University of New York (CUNY) Academic Works.

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis An Introduction to its Methodology. United States of Amerika: Sage Publications, Inc.

Mills, S. (2003). Routledge Critical Thinkers: Michel Foucault. Taylor & Francis group: London and New York.

Patessio, M. (2001). Iratsume and Journals for Women in the Early Meiji Period. Proceeding of a Postgraduate Research Seminar in Japanese Studies, Oxford Brookes University, UK.

Peters, A.M. & Besley, T. A. C. (2014). Social Exclusion/Inclusion: Foucault’s Analytics of Exclusion, the Political Ecology of Social Inclusion and the Legitimation of Inclusive Education. Open Review of Educational Research1 (1). 99-115. https://doi.org/10.1080/23265507.2014.972439

Power, M. (2011). Foucault and Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 37. 35-56. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-081309-150133

Ratna, N. K. (2013). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sumikawa, S. (1999). The Meiji Restoration: Roots of Modern Japan. Asia 163, Work Paper, 1-18. https://www.lehigh.edu/~rfw1/courses/1999/spring/ir163/Papers/pdf/shs3.pdf

Walsh, A. (2009). Economies of Excrement: Public Health and Urban Planning in Meiji Japan. Historical Perspectives: Santa Clara University Undergraduate Journal of History, Series II14 (9). 55-76. https://scholarcommons.scu.edu/historical-perspectives/vol14/iss1/9

Watanabe, J. (1970). Hanauzumi. Japan: Shinchousha.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v21i2.486.238-252

Article metrics

Abstract views : 162 | views : 112

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ATAVISME INDEXED BY:

   

ATAVISME is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Visit Number:

View My Stats