Manifestasi Kearifan Ekologis dalam Karo dan Kasada: Sebuah Perspektif Ekokritik

Fredy Nugroho Setiawan(1*), M Andhy Nurmansyah(2), Rizki Nufiarni(3), Scarletina Vidyayani Eka(4),

(1) Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Brawijaya
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to explain how the ecological wisdom is manifested in Karo and Kasada. Karo and Kasada are Tenggerese traditions rooted in oral literature. Both traditions are closely related to environmental wisdom which is interesting to be studied in regard with ecological issues that have become global issues. The data in this study include library data and field data. The library data come  from written information and reports on  two rituals obtained from articles, journals, and research reports. The field data come from interviews with Dukun Pandita in Tengger, talking about  rituals and folklore that underlie, them and observation of ritual events. The data is then categorized into descriptive units and interpreted using ecocriticism approach. The results show that the nature, nurture, and culture intertwine with the essence of Karo and Kasada so that every ritual practice cannot be separated from the symbolization of the relationship between humans and nature, which is about how humans and all practices of culture respect and maintain harmonious relations with the environment.


Keywords


Karo; Kasada; ritual; ecological wisdom; ecocriticism

Full Text:

PDF

References


 

Alkaf, M. (2013). Berbagai Ragam Sajen pada Pementasan Tari Rakyat dalam Ritual Slametan. Gelar: Jurnal Seni Budaya11 (2), 211–223. online

Berkes, F. (1993). Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Perspective. Dalam T. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Concepts and Cases (1–9). Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Nature and International Development Research Centre. online

Buell, L., Heise, U. K., & Thornber, K. (2011). Literature and Environment: Annual Review of Environment and Resources. Annual Review of Environment and Resources36, 417–440. crossref

Garrard, G. (2004). Ecocriticism. London & New York: Routledge.

Glotfelty, C. (1996). Introduction: Literary Studies in an Age of Environmental Crisis. In The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology.

Harmoni, A. (2005). Dampak Sosial Ekonomi Perubahan Iklim. Dalam Seminar Nasional PESAT 2005 (62–68). Jakarta.

Harsono, S. (2008). Ekokritik : Kritik Sastra Berwawasan Lingkungan. Kajian Sastra32 (1), 31–50. online

Haryanto, J. T. (2014). Kearifan Lokal Pendukung Kerukunan Beragama pada  Komunitas Tengger Malang Jatim. Jurnal Analisa21 (2), 201–213. crossref

McKeon, M. (2012). Two-Eyed Seeing into Environmental Education: Revealing its “Natural” Readiness to Indigenize. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education17, 131–147. online

Negara, P. D. (2010). Kearifan Lingkungan Tengger dan Peranan Dukun Sebagai Faktor Penentu Pelestarian Lingkungan Tengger Pada Desa Enclave Ngadas, Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru: Suatu Tinjauan Hukum. Dalam Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup (232–246).

Rahayu, R, Ariyanto, D., Komariah, K., Hartati, S., Syamsiyah, J., & Dewi, W. (2014). Dampak Erupsi Gunung Merapi terhadap Lahan dan Upaya-Upaya Pemulihannya. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture29  (1), 61–72. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20961/carakatani.v29i1.13320

Rennie, B. S. (1999). The View of the Invisible World : Ninian Smart’s Analysis of the Dimensions of Religion and of Religious Experience. The Bulletin28(3), 63–70.

Sims, M. C. & Stephens, M. (2005). Living Folklore: an Introduction to the Study of People and Their Traditions. Utah: Utah State University Press.

Sukmawan, Sony & Nurmansyah, M. A. (2012). Etika Lingkungan dalam Folklor Masyarakat Desa Tengger. Literasi2(1), 88–95. online

Sutarto, A. (1997). Legenda Kasada dan Karo Orang Tengger Lumajang. Depok: Fakultas Sastra Universitas Indonesia.

Sutarto, A. (2009). Sastra Lisan Tengger Pilar Utama Pemertahanan Tradisi Tengger. Atavisme12(1), 9–21. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v12i1.153.9-21

Tampubolon, B. D. (2014). Karakterisasi dan Remediasi Lahan Pertanian Pasca Erupsi Gunung Sinabung Tanah Karo Medan. (Laporan Penelitian). Medan. online

 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v21i2.455.209-223

Article metrics

Abstract views : 99 | views : 65

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ATAVISME INDEXED BY:

   

ATAVISME is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Visit Number:

View My Stats