Heroisme di Kota Surabaya dalam Puisi Indonesia Pascakolonial

M. Shoim Anwar(1*), Sri Budi Astuti(2)

(1) Jl. Ngagel Dadi III/B 37, Surabaya
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The aims of this research are to interpret, analyze, as well as describe the form and problems of heroism in Surabaya City on Indonesian postcolonial poetry. Heroism is very essential for the life of anation therefore its also voiced out by the poets through their poetry. This research uses heroism concept and postcolonial literary theory in a qualitative method. The result concludes that heroism in Surabaya City on some postcolonial Indonesian poetries is expressed through war setting descriptions. On the other hand, heroism is also linked with reflections to interpret the independence and sincerity of the of heroes. Heroism and ambivalent situations are also voiced by the poets related to the development of Surabaya City which becomes more complex.


Keywords


heroism; poetry; postcolonial

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, M., & Hutomo, S. (1976). Surabaya dalam Puisi Indonesia. Surabaya: Dewan Kesenian Surabaya.

Alwi, D. (2012). Pertempuran Surabaya November 1945. Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

Aminoedhin, A. (2011). Surabaya Musim Kemarau. Surabaya: Forum Sastra Bersama Surabaya.

Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (1995). The Postcolonial Studies Reader. New York: Routledge.

Becker, S. W., & Eagly, A. H. (2004). The Heroism of Women and Men. American Psychologist, 59(3), 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1037/ 0003-066X.59.3.163

en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition /heroism (diakses 12 November 2017)

Fajar, Y. (2015). Perlawanan Terhadap Penjajahan dalam Puisi-Puisi Indonesia dan Korea. Atavisme, 18(2), 183. https://doi.org/10. 24257/atavisme.v18i2.114.183-193

Gandhi, L., Wahyutri, Y., & Hamidah, N. (2006). Teori Poskolonial: Upaya Meruntuhkan Hegemoni Barat. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Qalam.

Hutomo, S. (1997). Ziarah ke Dunia Penyair. Surabaya: Yayasan Mitra Alam Sejati.

Jassin, H. B. (1978). Chairil Anwar Pelopor Angkatan 45. Jakarta: Gunung Agung.

Jassin, H. B. (1987). Pujangga Baru : Prosa dan Puisi. Jakarta: CV Haji Masagung.

KBBI. (2001). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Depdiknas-Balai Pustaka. https:// kbbi.web.id/heroisme (diakses 12 November 2017)

Kusniawan, S. (2011). Representasi Surabaya dalam Antologi Puisi Kitab Syair Diancuk Jaran Karya Indra Tjahyadi (Skripsi). Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga. Retrieved from http://repository.unair.ac.id /1250/

Kusniawan, S. (2013). Siti Surabaya dan Kisah Para Pendatang Karya F. Aziz Manna (Tesis). Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga. Retrieved from http: //repository.unair.ac. id/36583/

Manna, F. A. (2010). Wong Kam Pung. Surabaya: Festival Seni Surabaya.

Mudofarima, I. (2013). Identitas Surabaya dalam Antologi Puisi Wong Kam Pung Karya F. Aziz Manna (Skripsi). Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga. Retrieved from http://repository. unair.ac.id/27239/

Nirwanto. (1982). Sekar: Kumpulan Sajak-Sajak. Surabaya: Kelompok Kreatif Surabaya.

Omdewo, M. (2012). 99 Antologi Puisi Pledoi Becak’an. Surabaya: SIC.

Palmos, F. (2016). Surabaya 1945: Sakral Tanahku (Terjemahan Johannes Nugroho). Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Ratna, N. K. (2008). Postkolonialisme Indonesia: Relevansi Sastra. Yogya-karta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ryan, M. (2011). Teori Sastra: Sebuah Pengantar Praktis (Penerjemah Bethari Anissa Ismayasari). Yogya-karta: Jalasutra.

Said, E. (2001). Orientalisme (Terjemahan Asep Hikmat). Bandung: Penerbit Pustaka.

Sukarno. (1965). Di Bawah Bendera Revolusi. Jakarta: Panitya Penerbit Di Bawah Bendera Revolusi

Tyson, L.(1999).Critical Theory Today: A User-Friendly Guide. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.

Wulandani, A. C. (2014). Representasi Surabaya dalam Kumpulan Puisi Surabaya Musim Kemarau Karya Aming Aminoedhin (Skripsi). Surabaya: Universitas PGRI Adi Buana.

www.merriam/webster.com/dictionary/heroism (diakses 12 November 2017)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.383.181-196

Article metrics

Abstract views : 230 | views : 212

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ATAVISME INDEXED BY:

   

ATAVISME is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Visit Number:

View My Stats